Fatty liver diet

If we know how we can control our lifestyle and our food and drink intake, we can prevent fatty liver. One of the potential treatments to stop or reduce it progression is following the fatty liver diet. A fatty liver diet is very similar to a weight loss diet because the fatty liver is not as apparent as other diseases. Most of the patients suffer from obesity and being overweight. In fatty liver diet, we modify some diet changes to help sufferers, and we recommend some tips to prevent the disease.
In this article's continuation, join us to get acquainted with the prevention, control, and treatment of this disease with a fatty liver diet.

What is fatty liver disease (FLD) or steatosis?

Fatty liver is the liver's state that the amount of fat in this organ increases more than usual, and the liver becomes fatty and scarred. Normal liver contains about 5 grams of fat per 100 grams of its weight. As the importance of this organ in the metabolism of fats in the body, any dysfunction should be monitored since the lifestyle and diet planning have a key role in preventing or improving fatty liver disease.

What causes fatty liver?

Many factors can play a role in the development of the disease, including the most important causes of fatty liver:
♦ Type 2 Diabetes
♦ Alcoholic drinks
♦ Insulin resistance
♦ Extreme Choline deficiency
♦ Drugs like methotrexate (Rheumatrex), griseofulvin (Grifulvin V), tamoxifen (Nolvadex), steroids, valproate (Depakote), amiodarone (Cordarone).
♦ Hepatitis C
♦ Pulmonary tuberculosis

However, we do not have control over all fatty liver risk factors; some of the disease causes can be controlled by changing the lifestyle.

Fatty liver symptoms and how it can be diagnosed:

The fatty liver has no specific clinical appearance and symptoms, but following blood tests (CBC) and checking liver enzymes (ALT and AST) should help diagnose disease. Also, the presence of fatty liver may be detected during the ultrasound exam, VCTE, MRI, and CT scan, depending on the doctor's opinion. In some patients, fatigue and feeling of discomfort in the upper abdomen may be associated with the disease. The best way to diagnose fatty liver is a Liver Biopsy that should be done after all the relevant tests mentioned.

So if you feel that you have fatty liver, be sure to consult your doctor.

What are the types of fatty liver disease?

There are two major types of fatty liver due to the kind of diet people had; Alcoholic fatty liver disease and Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: NAFLD

This type of disease is associated with any causes except alcohol consumption. The intake of alcohol for these patients is less than two drinks per day (20-30 grams of alcohol daily). Leading Causes of NAFLD include:
♦ Being overweight or obese
♦ Having metabolic syndrome
♦ High blood sugar
♦ Insulin resistance
♦ Genetics and family history
♦ High levels of fat
♦ Old age
♦ Having a high fructose diet
♦ Specific medications

If the NAFLD patient had struggles with liver inflammation or liver cell damage, it is called NASH, which may lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis, or liver cancer in the long term. In the end stages and liver failure, the person may need a liver transplant.
People with hypertriglyceridemia are also at risk for fatty liver.


Alcoholic fatty liver disease: ALD

Causes fatty liver type AFLD and its risk factors to include:
♦ Drinking pattern
♦ Amount of alcohol consumption
♦ Sex
♦ Iron overload
♦ Hepatitis C infection
♦ Genetic factors and craving for drinks

If you are accustomed to drinking alcoholic beverages, you should be aware of alcoholic fatty liver disease. This type of disease doesn’t have exact symptoms until advanced stages, but these are some of them that differ from person to person:
♦ fatigue
♦ abdominal discomfort
♦ loss of appetite
♦ weight loss
♦ darkening or lightening of the skin
♦ jaundice (Yellowish skin)
♦ edema in legs and abdomen
♦ mood swings
♦ red hands or feet
♦ unusual agitation
♦ bleeding gums
♦ enlarged breasts (in men)

If you notice any of the above symptoms, it is best to see your doctor for a fatty liver diagnostic test.

Fatty liver treatment

Elimination of the underlying cause of the disease is the first approach to curing fatty liver.
Losing weight and lifestyle modification and fatty liver diet planning have a significant role in fatty liver disease treatment.
Control of Diabetes, lowering triglycerides, restriction of alcohol consumption is the basis of treatment and medication.
Supplements like Vitamin E and other antioxidants can also help treat fatty liver.

The best diet for fatty liver:

We said above that to treat this disease, we must follow the fatty liver diet. The question that arises is, How should be the fatty liver diet?
The fatty liver diets are low in excess calories, saturated and trans fat, high in fruits and vegetables and low in fat, carbohydrates, and sugar. The diets mentioned in the next paragraph have the qualifications mentioned and can be used to treat fatty liver.
Doing exercises at least 30 minutes 4 and more days per week must be done along with diet planning.

What type of diet helps fatty liver treatment?

Several diets can help cure fatty liver disease. Here are some diets you can use to treat fatty liver:
Weight Loss Diet
Mediterranean Diet
♦ Paleo Diet
♦ Vegan Diet
Atkins Diet
♦ Low-Carb Diet

Depending on your conditions, your dietitian may prescribe one of the above diets to cure fatty liver.

How weight loss diet helps a fatty liver?

It would help if you lost your weight 0.45 to 0.90 kg per week with a suitable weight loss diet because rapid weight loss may negatively affect the disease, particularly the nonalcoholic one, and make it worse.
Rapid weight loss during a very low-calorie diet of about 388 kcal per day is related to increased portal inflammation and serum bilirubin levels, so it should be avoided and must be under control. In a fatty liver diet, we restrict Energy intake to about 25–30 kcal/kg/day with a target weight loss of about 10% of body weight over six months.
A principled weight loss diet, along with exercises, will improve your health.
Therefore, if you are looking to lose weight to treat fatty liver, be sure to keep in mind that you should not lose weight fast.

How to control fat in the fatty liver diet?

The low carbohydrate diet leads to lowering serum levels of triglyceride and higher HDL cholesterol levels.
Adiponectin is a hormone secreted by adipose tissue that stores body fat and has insulin-sensitizing. As much as fat accumulation in the body increases, it is much possible to have a liver injury. Therefore, weight adoption is necessary.
Elevating the amount of fiber in the fatty liver diet by setting more portions of vegetables and fruits can reduce bad fats like cholesterol by binding to them and taking them away from the digestive system. Fibers located in vegetables and fruits fill most of the stomach volume and induces satiety in person. So, they eat fewer foods. Also, the fibers slow down the absorption of carbs.
Replacing canola and sunflower oils with saturated fats has a significant effect on controlling body fat intake. Olive oil, peanut oil, avocados, nuts such as walnut, almonds, and cashews are good sources of healthy fats that you can use in a fatty liver diet.

What should an alcoholic abuser do in a fatty liver diet?

For people who have a high desire to drink alcohol, abstain from drinking may be difficult. Still, as soon as these patients stop drinking about 2 – 6 weeks, they can reverse the harmful effect of alcohol on their liver.
Alcohol addicted people get the most of the daily energy needed to live from alcohol, so their diet is low in minerals, vitamins, and proteins. Alcohol decreases the absorption of minerals like zinc, so significant deficiencies should pay attention to for them.
Vitamin A and E, Zinc supplementation is remarkable.
If you have a problem associated with quitting drinks, talk to your doctor about abstaining from alcohol.

Is Keto Diet Good for Fatty liver?

The main problem with carbohydrates and fatty liver is fructose and sugar intake. When a person consumes a lot of fructose in her/his diet, the liver uses extra fructose to create fat, and excess fat will be stored in the liver and makes it fatty. An ideal diet for fatty liver patients includes low calories, low saturated fat content, and high fiber content. The basic recommendation is that your maximum fat intake should not be more than 30% of your daily energy, but about 75% of calories of a keto diet are dedicated to fats, so it is not logical and reasonable to follow the keto diet. The process of losing weight should be steady, step-by-step, continuously and slow, but the keto diet is a rapid and short time losing weight diet and as mentioned before, rapidly lose weight has a destructive effect on the treatment of fatty liver. In the keto diet, we lower the number of carbohydrates, but as we need fibers included in fruits and vegetables, it is almost impossible. However, you insist on following a keto diet; you can contact our consultant for more information.

Let us know if you have any questions or comments.