Hypothyroidism Diet

Let us first answer the question, What is hypothyroidism?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, which secretes hormones named T3 and T4 and Calcitonin. The Iodine is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones. The most important place of Iodine consumption in the body is the thyroid gland. The lack of this element disrupts the thyroid gland's function. Iodine enters the human body through diet and is transported into the bloodstream by the gastrointestinal tract.
Monitoring the Iodine status can help us to diagnose the disorders. The metabolism and energy production is affected by the Thyroid hormones, so the deficiency of Iodine can lead to hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism Signs and Symptoms

Thyroid hormones control body growth, cell repair, and metabolism. As a result, people with hypothyroidism may experience symptoms such as fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, depression, weakness, constipation, dry skin, slow heart rate, prolonged menstrual periods, puffy face, hoarseness, goitre, joint pain, and a cold feeling in feet and hands.
The TSH test can determine hypothyroidism as this condition may be hereditary and common in families. The one useful way of starting the control of hypothyroidism is this test and treatment of drugs.

What causes hypothyroidism?

There are a lot of conditions that cause hypothyroidism and low production of thyroid hormones.
♦ Autoimmune response called Hashimoto is a chronic inflammation of the thyroid.
♦ Radiation therapy for cancers
♦ Thyroidectomy or the Thyroid removal
♦ Some medications for diseases such as psychological drugs.
♦ Celiac disease may lead to mild hypothyroidism named subclinical hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroid Complications

Uncontrolled Hypothyroid can extend to health diseases like:
Goitre, Mental problems and depression, myxedema and lethargy, heart diseases and heart failures, infertility and congenital disabilities.

Hypothyroidism and pregnancy

Women who suffer from severe uncontrolled hypothyroidism have high risks for miscarriage, maternal anemia, pre-eclampsia, weakness, and postpartum bleeding.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, if the TSH hormone level was greater than 10 mlU/L, the mother should go on Hypothyroidism treatment to prevent the subsequent complications previously mentioned.

Essential vitamin and mineral for thyroid

There are many vitamins and minerals to work for thyroid hormones and prevent the side effects of Thyroid hormone deficiency, such as Iodine, the primary mineral, Zinc, Iron, Selenium, Vitamin A, and Vitamin D.
The diet should be a balanced one to help the patient gain good health.
Studies show that Iodine, Selenium, and Zinc are very beneficial for people with hypothyroidism. However, you should note that you have to take Iodine, Selenium, and zinc supplements under medical care and be sure to consult a nutritionist or a doctor.

Food to eat in hypothyroidism

If you need to know the best diet for hypothyroidism, you can take a look below here to find out the best foods for hypothyroidism. You may ask yourself even the thyroid gland can be fixed by diet or not, and our dietitians will answer you it is possible.

Iodine
deficiency is not common among developed countries due to the consumption of iodized salt and iodine-rich foods. Cod, Eggs, Seaweed, Shrimp, Tuna, and other kinds of fish can help to maintain Iodine.

You can access the food sources of Iron, which are Spinach, broccoli, Shellfish, Liver, offal, Organ and variety meats, legumes, beans, red meat, turkey, pumpkin seeds, quinoa, etc.

Brazil nuts, Hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, cereals, dairy products, Ham, pork, brown rice, seafood, and organ meats are good sources for getting Selenium. Still, you should consider that walnuts may interact with hormones drugs, so they should not be consumed together.

Salmon, orange, fresh eggs, fortified eggs are good sources for daily intake of vitamin D. Since many people are deficient in vitamin D, we recommend taking a 400IU of vitamin D supplement daily.

Vitamin A
regulates the metabolism of thyroid hormone, so it has a vital role in the Hypothyroidism plan diet so you should look for vitamin A in sources such as Yellow, red, orange, and leafy greens, veggies, and fruits, e.g. mango, sweet potato, carrot, butternut squash, melon, liver and organ meats, cheese, oily fish, and egg yolks.

Gluten-free cereals
and grains such as Rice, chia seeds, buckwheat, flaxseed.

Foods to eat in hypothyroidism

Food to avoid in hypothyroidism

Some foods are bad for hypothyroidism and should not be eaten, and they should be avoided or limited. Here are the foods:

♦ Goitrogens:
Goitrogens are compounds that, when consumed in a hypothyroid diet, interfere with thyroid hormones' function. The name of these compounds is derived from goitre, which is a disease related to the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland enlarges as a result of high activity to produce thyroid hormones.
Soy-based foods like Tofu, tempeh, edamame, miso, soybean flour, soy milk, soy nuts, tamari, shoyu, teriyaki, textured soy protein, whole soybeans. They contain a female hormone called estrogen that can mess up with thyroid hormones.
Some vegetables such as Cruciferous Vegetables, Arugula, Bok choy, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Collard greens, Tapioca, Cassava and Yuca.
Nuts and seeds like Millet, Peanuts, Oak
Goitrogens foods that are cooked can inactivate the substances that have interferential with Iodine and the thyroid function.
One of the exceptions to Goitrogens is pearl millet, which in all cases interferes with thyroid hormones, even if you are not iodine deficient and should be avoided completely.

♦ Processed and fast foods: Hot dogs, sausages, cakes, cookies, and caffeinated drinks.
♦ Peaches, pears, berries, strawberries can consume in small quantities.
♦ Green tea and ephedra can affect heart rates, so it is not suggested for those with Hypothyroid problems despite their usefulness for losing weight.
♦ For people who have celiac disease and its subsequent hypothyroidism, a gluten-free diet should be designed. They have to avoid foods containing gluten like bread, pasta, and rice.
♦ Alcohol consumption can have effects on thyroid hormone levels and the product functions of thyroid glands. The alcohol may cause mood swings dependent on the levels of hormones, so the alcohol should be cut from the diet. If you really can not eliminate the alcohol, you should talk to your dietitians and doctors to guide you to moderate alcohol usage.
♦ In a Hypothyroidism diet designed by our nutritionists, the high fat and processed foods should be limited due to weight gain risks.
♦ Other foods should be monitored carefully because they can interfere with Hypothyroid drugs like levothyroxine. They can interact, so the amount of them should be limited or avoided.
♦ Consuming too much fibre can interact with hormone medicine and affect the absorption of drugs for hypothyroidism. Still, they should not be eliminated due to constipation, so you should consult with your dietitian or doctor.

Hypothyroidism and weight gain

One of the critical roles of thyroid hormones is body metabolism and control of body calorie expenditure. Hypothyroidism means an underactive thyroid gland that creates fewer hormones, so fewer calories will be burnt.
This condition can lead to significant problems such as obesity and high levels of blood cholesterol. Therefore, the diet should be designed carefully and appropriate to the client's condition.

Hypothyroidism and weight loss

If you want to know how to lose weight with a Hypothyroidism diet, we can help you. Hypothyroid people may suffer from the difficulty of losing weight. You may concern about some trendy diets to follow to lose weight. For example, the keto diet is not the right choice as a Hypothyroidism diet to lose weight due to the high percentage of fats and the low percentage of carbohydrates, which can cause less production of thyroid hormones.
A good regimen and medical treatments can assemble the conditions and open a gate for weight loss. We count the exact calorie needed for you and estimate the calorie decrease required for proper and effective weight loss.
The Hypothyroidism diet should cover eating proteins, especially the lean ones, a lot of allowed vegetables, fruits, nuts, and veggie snacks, and avoiding arbitrary eating of iodine and selenium supplementations, which can conclude to toxicity.
Having some aerobic exercises to power up the calorie-burning besides the Hypothyroidism diet will improve the weight loss. Still, the key to a successful diet is being stuck to the diet and steady during the time.

Food and drugs interaction in Hypothyroidism

Thyroid hormones pill can have less effect if it is taken with some foods or other drugs, include below drugs or foods:
♦ Iron supplements
♦ Calcium supplements
♦ Antacids
♦ Cholestyramine, colestipol
♦ Soybean flour and soy-based foods
♦ Cottonseed
♦ Walnuts

Let us know if you have any questions or comments.