Diet for gestational diabetes: sample 103

A proper diet to control blood glucose in gestational diabetes for a 34 years old pregnant woman who suffers from diabetes is designed by our dietitians. She is 20 weeks pregnant with 1 fetus, and 169 Cm in height, and 68 Kg in weight. She also suffers from constipation due to her pregnancy.

Personal information for diet adjustment

Gender: Female
: 34 Years Old
: 68 Kg
: 169 Cm

Illness: Gestational diabetes, Constipation
Medications: Metformin
Food allergies
: Peanuts
Activity level
: Sedentary

Caution: This diet is adjusted based on this patient's particular conditions and should not be used in similar cases.

Diabetic diet plan menu

Day 1

Breakfast: 90 grams Bread + 2 Eggs + 2 tomatos

At 9:00
: 1 Apple + 2 Cashews

At 10:30: 2 servings of fruits

1 hour before lunch: 1 glasses Milk + 2 Dates

Lunch: 120 grams Pasta + 90 grams Mince Meat + 1 Tbsp Yogurt + 1 plate Vegetable

At 15:00
: 1 Kiwi + 1 Cucamber

At 17:00: 1 Cup Corn

1 hour before dinner: 9 Tbsp probiotic Yogurt

Dinner: 18 Tbsp Rice + 90 grams Chicken without skin + 1 plate green leafy vegetables

At 21:00
: 1 serving of fruits

At 22:30:
1 glasses Milk + 20 grams crackers

Day 2

Breakfast: 90 grams Bread + 45 grams Cheese + 4 halves Walnut

At 9:00
: 1 serving of fruits

At 10:30: 2 serving of fruits

1 hour before lunch: 1 glasses Milk + 2 Dates

Lunch: 120 grams Bread + 90 grams Meat staek + 2 glasses kefir + 2 plate of vegetables

At 15:00
: 1 serving of fruits + 1 Carrot

At 17:00: 45 grams Bread + 30 grams cheese + 1 Cucamber

1 hour before dinner: 7 Tbsp probiotic Yogurt

Dinner: 120 grams boild Potato + 60 grams Chicken + 2 Tbsp chickpea

At 21:00
: 1 serving of fruits

At 22:30
: 1 glasses Milk + 10 grams crackers

Click here to get your personalized diet plan.


♦ Avoid skipping or moving meals without consulting our dietitian.
♦ Avoid putting salt shakers on the table in your diet to prevent hypertension.
♦ Use olive oil for cooking in your diet.
♦ Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.
♦ Light activity such as walking and etc. help you to control diabetes and constipation treatment.
♦ Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water during your daily diet plan.

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Treatment of Diabetes with Diet

Carbohydrates are the most important macronutrient in the diabetic diet. Carbohydrates should make up about 45 to 55 percent of a diabetic patient's daily energy intake. The number of carbohydrates in each meal and snack should be consumed in a specific amount and it depends on the type of diabetes and the type of medicine that you use.
The nutritionist recommended using low glycemic index (GI) foods in the diabetic diet plan to control blood sugar.
Consumption of fibre rich food in the diabetic diet plan is recommended and you should eat at least 20 to 35 grams per day. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, etc. are the best source of fibre. Eat enough vegetables in your diabetic diet. It is better to eat fresh vegetables instead of a frozen ones. Replace refined grain with whole grain.
The diabetic diet's protein content is arranged in the same way as the diet of normal people. It makes up 15 to 20% of a person's daily energy requirements. Be careful about plant source protein like beans, chickpea, lentil and etc., because they have carbohydrate, and you should count carbohydrate content of them.
In the diabetic diet plan, just like other people, trans fatty acids can cause cardiovascular disease and gene mutations in the patient, so you should restrict fried foods, processed foods, chips, hydrogenated vegetable oils, etc. in your diet plan.
Chromium supplementation
in patients with chromium deficiency can help improve their blood sugar levels. Zinc deficiency in these patients is possible. High or low levels of zinc in the body can affect insulin secretion in a diabetic patient so you should consult with your doctor to use a zinc supplement.
Your diabetic diet should be regular, and you should eat your meals at certain times, Avoid skipping or moving meals without consulting your dietitian.
When hypoglycemia happens, which is accompanied by symptoms of seizures, cold sweats, tremors, blurred vision, weakness and lethargy, and heart palpitations, use a small candy, chocolate, sugar syrup, or half a glass of natural fruit juice.
You should not eat foods high in sodium, high in cholesterol, and simple carbs in the diabetic diet.

Let us know if you have any questions or comments.